Commercial/Multifamily Borrowing Up 9 Percent from Last Year (Retail Originations Down 23%)

The retail sector can’t seem to buy a break these days. With 8,600 brick-and-mortar stores may close their doors in 2017, lending was expected to decline.

According to the Mortgage Bankers Association, commercial/multifamily originations rose 9% from Q1 2016.

That is the good news.

The bad news? 1) Retail originations fell 23% from Q1 2016.  2) CMBS/Conduit originations were down 17%. 3) Hotel originations were down 40%.

The good news? 1) Healthcare originations were up 22%. 2) Industrial originations were up 40%. 3) Multifamily originations were up 14%.

Notice that Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac multifamily origination programs were up 33% from Q1 2016.  At the same time, Life Insurance Companies saw 0% growth in commercial/multifamily originations.

Thanks to The Federal Reserve, short-term interest rates remain suppresed and have for the last ten years.

Office originations grew at a listless 2% from Q1 2016. On-line retailers like Amazon have helped shrinked the retail footprint. But will shared office space and the internet finally drive a spike through office space when employees can work remotely?

So, will this be the final countdown for office space?

Have Mortgage Applications Peaked For 2017? Purchase Applications Fall 2.75% WoW (Up 9% YoY), Refi Apps Fall 5.7%

 

Mortgage applications decreased 4.1 percent from one week earlier, according to data from the Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) Weekly Mortgage Applications Survey for the week ending May 12, 2017.

The seasonally adjusted Purchase Index decreased 3 percent from one week earlier. The unadjusted Purchase Index decreased 3 percent compared with the previous week and was 9 percent higher than the same week one year ago.

Typically, applications for a purchase mortgage peak in May (sometimes in April, sometimes in June). So, last week’s mortgage purchase applications print may have been the high water mark for 2017.

The Refinance Index decreased 6 percent from the previous week.  But notice that while mortgage refinancing applications plummeted aroud MayJune rapid the rise in the Freddie Mac 30 year mortgage survey rate (thanks to Fed Chair Bernanke saying that The Fed might end their asset purchase programs), the recent rise in the 30 year mortgage rate has produced decline in refi application.

The average contract interest rate for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages with conforming loan balances ($424,100 or less) remained unchanged at 4.23 percent, with points increasing to 0.37 from 0.31 (including the origination fee) for 80 percent loan-to-value ratio (LTV) loans.

Mortgage originations have not recovered to previous levels due to the amazing disappearance of subprime (sub 620 credit score) lending,

So, we at (or near) the peak for 2017 in terms of mortgage purchase applications. Historically, it will be all down hill until January 2018. But a 9% increase in mortgage purchases applications YoY is pretty impressive!

 

How Homeownership Became the Engine of American Inequality (Or NOT!)

The New York Times had an interesting piece recently entitled “How Homeownership Became the Engine of American Inequality.”

The author blames the mortgage interest deduction (MID) in part for inequality. But the MID has been used for decades to stimulate and preserve homeownership, one of platforms of the Democrat Party. Unfortunately, housing is often no longer “affordable.”

One measure of housing affordability is home prices relative to household income or wages. For example, check out YoY earnings growth for 2001-2003 period. Wage growth was declining as YoY home prices grew. As wage growth grew from 2004-2007, home price growth slowed.  The housing bubble is characterized as a period of declining/low wage growth coupled with rapidly rising home prices. (orange box)

Since 2012, home price growth has started to grow rapidly again and has been higher than earnings growth (pink box).

True, the MID does tend to support home purchases in more expensive housing areas like the west coast. And raising the standard deduction will reduce the demand for housing in lower cost areas like the US flyover states. But is the home affordability problem in the more expensive areas of the country as MID problem? Or is it a supply problem? (as in zoning results in higher home prices making housing progressively more unaffordable). And what about The Federal Reserve with its zero interest rate policies (ZIRP) which contributes to income inequality?

But let’s look at the GINI coefficient (a measure of income inequality) and homeownership rate in the US. Despite continued attempts at leveling the playing field, income inequality has just been getting worse and worse. Notice that income inequality was positively correlated with homeownership rates until 2004; after 2004, income inequality has risen as homeownership has fallen.

How has The Fed helped lower income inequality? It hasn’t.

So focusing on the mortgage interest deduction (MID) as the cause of income inequality is misplaced. Again, Democrats have pushed the homeownership (and affordable housing) platform for decade, but it is only now that it is “unfair?”

Here is Phil Hall”s assessment of the NY Times article.

There is little doubt that removing the MID will result is a slowing or decline in home price growth. Not something that mortgage investors are looking forward to.

Canada’s Housing Bubble Explodes (Biggest Mortgage Lender Home Capital Stock Crashes Most In History)

O Canada! 

Bloomberg – Home Capital Group Inc. plunged the most on record after disclosing that it struck a deal for a C$2 billion ($1.5 billion) credit line to counter dwindling deposits, at terms that will leave the alternative mortgage lender unable to meet financial targets.

The non-binding agreement with an unnamed counterparty will be secured by a portfolio of mortgage loans originated by Home Trust, the Toronto-based firm said in a statement Wednesday. Home Capital shares dropped 59 percent as of 10:24 a.m. in Toronto to the lowest since 2003, dragging down other home lenders. Equitable Group Inc. fell 17 percent, Street Capital Group Inc. fell 13 percent, while First National Financial Corp. declined 7.6 percent.

Home Capital will pay 10 percent interest on outstanding balances and a non-refundable commitment fee of C$100 million, while standby fee on undrawn funds is 2.5 percent. The initial draw must be C$1 billion. The loan has an effective interest rate of 22.5 percent on the first C$1 billion, declining to 15 percent if fully utilized.

22.5% effective interest rate? That is surprising given that Canada’s Central Bank has an  Overnight Lending Rate 0f only 0.5% (lower than The Fed’s 1% Fed Funds Target Rate).

The reaction in Home Capital’s stock?

With Home Capital’s earnings per share looking like American retailers’ EPS (that is, falling like a rock), this is not surprising.

Even the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) think that there is “strong evidence of problematic conditions”. Particularly in Victoria, Vancouver, Hamilton, and Toronto.

Like the US, Bank of Canada has suppressed their target to far below what the Taylor Rules calls for.

I could say that the correction came after the Toronto Maple Leafs lost their playoff series in ice hockey to the Washington Capitals, but that would be incorrect. But Canada’s home lenders are choking like the Leafs did.

Simply Unaffordable! Case-Shiller Home Price Index Grows At 5.8% YoY In February (>2x Earnings Growth)

It is April 25, 2017 and S&P/CoreLogic just released the home price indices for February.

The good news (for homeowners)? Home price growth keeps on rising, now at 5.8% YoY.

The bad news (for renters)? Earnings growth YoY for Production and Non-supervisory workers is growing at 2.34% YoY. That is less than half of home price growth.

Yes, there is a lack of available inventory and median sales price for existing homes is growing at a steady rate around 6.8% YoY.

And home listinga hit a new record low.

But WHERE at home prices growig the fastest? Seattle at 12.2% YoY followed by Portland at 9.7% YoY. The slowest? New York City and Washington DC at 3.2% and 4.1%, respectively. Followed by Cleveland at 4.5% YoY.

With home prices rising at over 2x earnings, housing in the US is becoming simply unaffordable.

Wells Fargo Mortgage Applications Fall To Lowest Since 2005* (The Wells Fargo Mortgage Wagon ISN’T Coming!)

It is reporting season for American banks and Wells Fargo’s came out today. first-quarter-earnings-supplement

Of particular interest is the decline in residential mortgage applications for Wells Fargo, the lowest since 2005. Because that is the last year for which there is data on Bloomberg for Wells Fargo.*

Mortgage originations? About the same as Q1 2016, but substantially below levels seen in 2012. Q1 2017 is the second lowest level of originations sine 2005.

It just isn’t Wells Fargo. Take Bank of America. But Wells claimed their niche was the residential mortgage market while other banks retreated from the market.

Low wage growth coupled with regulatory overreach by Dodd-Frank and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has diminished residential mortgage lending by the banks.

So, the Wells Fargo (mortgage lending) wagon isn’t coming. And it isn’t for other big banks either. But PROFITS increased for mortgage bankers  in 2016.

While Wells Fargo was still the leading mortgage originator in Q3 2016, shadow bank Quicken is challenging Chase for 2nd place with PennyMac challenging US Bank for 4th place in the mortgage origination derby.

Maybe Dan Gilbert, the CEO of Quicken Loans and the owner of the Cleveland Cavaliers basketball team, should adopt the Wells Fargo wagon song for Quicken! Because it seems that Wells Fargo’s wagon isn’t bring the home loans as expected.